Movement of Nations for self-determination and the pursuit of education supernations

In the scale of humanity, the national question in the confrontation of two general trends: 1) of Nations for self-determination and independence, and 2) desire for the formation of large multi-ethnic communities, a powerful supernacij, where organically would be connected by a variety of ethnic groups, traditions, and culture.
Both trends are objective, both are implemented in the will and actions of millions of people. Cannot be any sector one of them recognize the dominant or more promising, because they both have the same goal: to overcome all forms of nacional?noetniceskogo inequality or, in other words, the democratization of international relations.
Exploring the movement of peoples towards self-determination in the countries of Asia and Africa, many authors use the term "anti-imperialistic" nationalism of peoples freed from colonialism. Often it is called progressive nationalism became a banner of the liberation struggle. However, this kind of nationalism, driven by the desire to get rid of foreign domination and to gain national independence, virtually has exhausted itself. In Asia and Africa, have long been dominated by conflicts over dissatisfaction with national minorities within multi-ethnic States sovereign his subordinates, unequal, discriminatory status.
Such conflicts, reflecting the trend of Nations for self-determination, for example, are associated with the continuing guerrilla war the Kurds against Iranian and Iraqi authorities, long-running conflicts between ethnic groups in Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, Zimbabwe; the struggle against Morocco and Saharan Eritreans against the Central Government in Ethiopia (the last ended in 1993, the proclamation of the sovereign of the State of Eritrea); separatist movements of non-Arabic speaking tribes of southern Sudan and the Tamils in Sri Lanka. Nacional?noetniceskie conflicts associated with separatism, characterized the current India, which is one of the largest conglomerates of various ethnic groups.
Another trend, with the aim of creating a supernacij, less common in the modern world. For example, some leaders of the Arab world are trying to form a unified Arabic "neohalifat". But the desire for education major multi-ethnic communities in multi-ethnic States and peoples, it is not always "provokes" outbreaks of ethno-nationalism. In this regard, the United States, where much mention is made for prevention of ethnic and racial hatred, and where national processes of consolidation began. For a long time the image of United States steadily was compared with a giant pot in which representatives of different Nations "pereplavilis?" to the Americans. Today, however, the image of "boiler" in the United States gave way to huge "quilt", in which each flap, distinct from the other in size, shape, color, symbolizes the representatives of a nation, large or small.