Russia and the global commodity crisis

For many years it was believed that the SOVIET UNION and Russia, the commodity crisis for the foreseeable future, threaten cannot. The grounds for such withdrawal there. Russia is still the largest producer of the raw material (11% of world oil production, more than 30%-10% of gas, coal, and 14% of commodity ore, 10-15% of non-ferrous and rare metals (1993). the gross potential value in proven reserves estimated at almost 30 trillion dollars and projected capacity amounts to 140 trillion USD.
However, the Russian deposits differ from many overseas more difficult development conditions and poorer quality resources. Therefore, the development of, say, oil and gas potential is becoming increasingly difficult and expensive task. This is due to the displacement of geological exploration in remote northern areas, the increase in the depth of oil and gas deposits up to 3000 m and more.
Is becoming increasingly also the problem of the depletion of deposits, especially oil. As a result, now the security of the domestic industry competitive resources (excluding gas and gold) fell sharply. At the same time, seeking to strengthen the weak and shaky position in the world market, Russia exports many mineral resources at dumping prices (ie,. E. Significantly lower than the prices on the world market).
Extremely poorly used in Russian secondary resources. Official statistics show that the country is subject to the waste mining, metallurgical, chemical, pulp and paper and wood industries in the early 90s there were about 120 billion tons of waste. Every year, this amount is added to 10 billion tons. Alarming situation with industrial and household waste has developed in major Russian cities. Thus, in Moscow annually produces about 10 million tons of industrial and municipal solid waste - by 1 ton per capita (excluding sewage). Of these, only a small part is exposed to waste, while the rest are exported in the Moscow svalkipoligony. Unfortunately, the main focus in the fight against waste and waste incineration is selected, which are purchased abroad about 10 incinerators. Spent hundreds of millions of dollars to a valuable resource, as before, was destroyed and poisoned the city's air. In many other major cities in Russia the situation is even worse.
Thus, the grounds for complacency in the face of the global resource problem Russians do not. Of particular concern is the backlog of technology development and mineral processing.