Causes of hunger

Is there any prospect of it ending? It is clear that propagandirovavseesa in our literature for decades, the assertion that "hunger in the developing countries is the result of centuries of exploitation, colonization, appropriation of wealth imperialism" several naive and in need of rethinking. The roots of this phenomenon too deeply and are simultaneously historical, economic, political, and social?nodemograficeskie Natu aspects. Try to at least tezisnoj the form described the main causes of the current severe food situation in developing countries.
1 The problem of hunger is closely linked with the problem of backwardness of the "third world." Like other branches of material production, agriculture in most developing countries are not even close relevant scientific and technical level of the world economy in the late XX. It is carried out without the use of a sufficient number of machines, fertilizers, irrigation applications and so on. D. Agriculture, especially the food sector, as before, poorly drawn into a goods-money relationship.
2 A significant influence on the prevalence of hunger in the world today has uncontrolled population growth in developing countries.
3 A certain blame for the current acute food situation in the developing world are former metropolitan and transnational corporations. It is known that in the former colonies of the best arable land set aside for plantations of export crops, do not give and do not benefit local residents today. TNK owning plantations or controlling the sale of products grown on them, does not facilitate food difficulties of the young states.
4 plays an important role and the fact that the developing world is occupied by an extremely unfavorable position in international economic relations.
5 The most direct way to the food situation in developing countries affected by rapid urbanization, leading not only to a simple increase in demand for food commodities, but also a qualitative change in the diet of the population, showing the demand for many of the products that were previously in place have not been done. Urban elite is becoming increasingly dependent on food imports from developed countries, to which the costs of large foreign currency funds.
6 It is impossible to ignore the impact of environmental crises, especially soil erosion and desertification, which to a large extent determine the extent of underproduction of agricultural products, primarily in Africa. Drought and desertification territory covered today more than 30 African countries threatened by famine about 150 million people.
Thus, the actual nutritional status of the population of underdeveloped countries shows the incredible complexity of the food problem. You can certainly argue about the theoretical potential of the food of the Earth, the doubling and even tripling the acreage, the use of mankind to eat chlorella or breeding plantation on the ocean floor ... However, the harsh reality reminds us that everything edible that makes humanity ultimately consumed and thus actually more than a billion people are chronically hungry. It is difficult to hope that humanity in the foreseeable future to eradicate hunger, if not learn to control their numbers, will not solve the economic, technical and environmental issues of modernization of agriculture. At the same time it is a complex solution of all problems.