Food challenge

Food is a critical foundation for humanity's vital functions. Our great compatriot, the physiologist i. p. Pavlov has pointed out that "the relationship of living with nature — there is a relationship, mediated the power issues." This just promise suggests that feeding humanity goes far beyond prirodnoestestvennyh and production factors. The food, which in its first cause Habitat used by humans as a product of his culture, taking in the nature-culture "an intermediate position. There is, for example, the well known phrase "rice civilization, from which it follows that the rice as an important place belongs to the product not only in food but also in the whole system of spiritual ties between people and the natural world.
Food deficit is generally perceived as a disaster, and its absence - as a disaster. Lack of food and lack of lead to various forms of manifestation of the food crisis: malnutrition, malnutrition or starvation to the present. The level and the principles of nutrition will be discussed below; Now we note the distinction between the concepts of "malnutrition" and "malnutrition", consisting in the fact that when malnutrition person, especially a child, sometimes eating as much as physically can eat (eg krahmalonosnyh: cassava, yams, potatoes), not getting wherein no animal proteins or other valuable items.
This is partly why the total number of hungry people in the world is estimated differently. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the world systematically starving around 500 million people, and nearly 1 billion people are affected by a distinct lack of food. The difference in the assessment of the hungry is understandable. And it's not just about the difference between the verbs "hungry" and "malnourished". It is linked to the notion of "hidden hunger", ie. E. Lack in the diet of many valuable nutrients: animal proteins, proteins, fats, vitamins, mineral salts. It is also the fact that in some regions of the lean years (crop failures) are replaced by yield, and then hunger was significantly (but temporarily) reduced. Divergent in the estimation of the number of hungry people in the world also depends used in this technique.
On the globe today undernourished and starving more than ever before, and this despite the fact that in the world per capita produced more food than it has ever been in the history of mankind. However, the global problem of malnutrition and hunger is not limited to food shortages, it is "through" riddled with politics, is closely linked with the economy and the various spheres of social life.
Global food problem gives sound and the fact that the individual States of its decision can not be achieved separately, a joint effort: 1) of the hungry; 2) countries seeking to achieve the full and harmonious diet, and 3) countries that have reached an abundance of food and even forced to "fight" with a surplus of food, and with their excessive consumption and related diseases. Like many other global issues, food significantly hinders the further development of civilization.