Geography of malnutrition (hunger)

Area, in which a large part of the population receives less than the required amount of calories on a world map covers a large area. It stretches along both sides of the equator, including almost all of sub-Saharan Africa (excluding SOUTH AFRICA), West Asia, South and UgoVostocnuu Asia (in the literature most often celebrate the monsoon Asia), the Caribbean, the bulk of South America (except Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil's Southeast side). Reduced calorie diet combined with a lack of critical and human proteins of animal origin, vitamins, calcium and so on in some years to this zone "tend" and other relatively "well-off" area (in particular those that are located within the former Soviet Union).
In the early nineties on the absolute number of hungry championship held in South and Southeast Asia, but genuine "pole hunger has long been a territory of sub-Saharan Africa, leading both the relative numbers of undernourished (percentage of total population), and the severity of manifestations of hunger. It is in this region for the past 2-3 decades has been unprecedented worsening food problems, culminating in a disastrous drought in the ' 80s in the sudanosahel?skoj zone. More than 150 million people in one way or another suffered from alimentary dystrophy and its consequences, most of the people are suffering today.
In Africa, some countries in Asia, in Latin America there is a phenomenon which sometimes shudder among residents who know about the famine only by hearsay. Here's how describes it in his book "Opened in Vienna in Latin America" (1986), the famous Latin American social activist Eduard Galeano: "with those distant colonial times on the northeast of Brazil established custom is simplistic and in our time is the Earth. Iron deficiency causes anemia. Instinct encourages children to chew on land that has in its composition the inorganic elements, which are not in their normal diet, that is bread made of cassava and beans, with the exception of random slices of cured meats. "